Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. This prevents one solitary body from being able to control every aspect of governing over a vast population.
This begs the question, how can the Philippines benefit from this? While some detractors only see the negative effects that Federalism might lead to; looking at the big picture, a federalist government might be the best option for how the country is, geographically and socio-politically.
In a Federalist government, the local government can decide what to do to solve their own problems. They can implement policies for the improvement of their own sector and without having to ask for the central government for permission or their opinion. Diverse populations have unique needs that must be met and having a national-level government attempt to understand those needs is always difficult. By allowing local or regional officials to have the power to meet those needs, the safety and security of a population can be better met.
On an economic level, this system allows LGUs to have more power over their resources. In the Philippines’ centralized government, local government has to turn a big chunk of their resources to the national government. This is why 1/3 of the country’s GDP growth goes straight to Metro Manila. This makes it difficult for communities outside of the National Capital Region given that in terms of magnitude, there are more Filipinos in the Visayas and Mindanao that fall under the poverty line.
That might be the best route to take. In a federal government, the country’s wealth will be more evenly distributed among the state governments. Regional poverty goes down, and this leads to economic improvement for the local regions, this leads to more opportunities and business investments outside Metro Manila, improving livelihood for the majority instead of only those in the center.