“In case of INVASION or REBELLION, when the public safety requires it, he may, for a period not exceeding sixty days, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law.” (Article VII Section 18)
denotation: enter a country or region by an enemy to encroach or make war
connotation: foreign entity enters forcibly
denotation: armed resistance against the law or an established government
connotation: violent opposition by a local
The framers of the deeply flawed and utterly problematic 1987 Philippine Constitution attempted to cover all possible violent and militant opposition that might threaten the law, the government and the security of the country or any part thereof. So, the Liberal Party which is a suspect of aiding and abetting the Maute terrorists are also violently opposing the Martial Law meant to contain and end the Marawi terrorist situation.
Is terrorism an INVASION or a REBELLION?
If the terrorists are foreign, it is an invasion. There are claims that the Maute are allied with ISIS. This will make their attack on Marawi an invasion.
If the terrorists are local, it is therefore a rebellion. The Maute are composed of Filipinos who have the support of other local Muslim extremists. This will make their attack on Marawi a rebellion.
The Marawi siege is an act of terrorism and whether they be funded by the Liberal Party or other Filipinos thereby making it a rebellion, or by ISIS or even America thereby making it an invasion, one thing is clear. The President has every right to declare a Martial Law in Mindanao. No amount of legalese or semantics can belie this fact. This is the truth.